Modern Day Sekhukhune is found in the Limpopo province, the northern-most part of South Africa. It covers an area of approximately 13 264 square-metres - most of which is rural and it lies to the North West of Mpumalanga and the South of Limpopo.
Sekhukhune is located outside major towns such as Pretoria at approximately 200km to the South, Nelspruit at about 150km to the East and Polokwane about 180km to the North. It is estimated that only 5 % of Sekhukhune population lives in urban areas. The main urban centres are Groblersdal, Marble Hall, Burgersfort, Jan furse, Ohrigstad, Steelpoort and Driekop. Outside these major towns, one finds almost 605 villages which are generally sparsely populated and dispersed throughout the District. The area's town and villages are serviced by its major rivers - the Olifants River, Tubatse River and the Elands River, all of which supply a number of large dams. The Sekhukhune economy is driven largely by agriculture, mining and tourism activities.